According to you, what is the role of science and technology in our economic growth?
Science is a tool for solving our society’s problems and has the power to transform civilisations. It can lead to India’s long term global competitiveness and sustained development. However, the goal of application of science and technology should go beyond the generation of knowledge alone. An interdisciplinary approach to learning by combining science and social engineering is essential to develop ethical and sustainable solutions.
What are some of the ways in which the government can encourage science-based entrepreneurship?
Taking science from lab to market needs government funding and support for basic and translational research. Downstream development needs to be funded by private investments. We should focus on targeted funding in early stages and proactive policy to encourage private investments in later stages. We should also develop strategies for optimal utilisation of available resources and for sustainable development. Given our country’s challenges related to access to critical technologies, we should focus on developing an indigenous capacity for innovation in areas that are critical to our nation by building the required specialised human resources, infrastructure, and a conducive environment for innovation. This requires broadening of the national research and innovation system to optimise investment in science, technology, and innovation.
What is your message to the scientists interested in creating societal impact based on their research?
Scientists need to take three sub leaps to create societal impact in India. This includes traditional approaches to surmount current challenges at an accelerated pace, adopting new or different approaches and technologies that may be developed elsewhere and finally, leapfrogging current generations of technologies to develop next-generation technologies. They should learn ways to exploit their intellectual property and to identify ways in which their high-tech innovations can add value. They should also learn to take their inventions to the market through programmes like AIM-PRIME.
Dr Suman Bery
VC, NITI Aayog
One of the objectives of NITI Aayog is to create a knowledge, innovation and entrepreneurial support system
Shri Amitabh Kant
Former CEO, NITI Aayog
India aims to be a $5 trillion economy by 2024-25. Nurturing innovation and entrepreneurship
Prof. Ajay Kumar Sood
Principal Scientific Advisor (PSA) to Government of India
The Office of Principal Scientific Advisor (PSA)